What Role Did Jubal A. Early Play In Creating and Propagating The Lost Cause Myth?

Jubal A. Early was a former Confederate general, who came up with what is known as the myth of the lost cause. The myth of the lost cause is an explanation for the confederate defeat in the years after the Civil War. [1]  Early wanted to explain why the Confederacy had fought in the war, and the good things that came out of it. For explain, Early is one of the first people to really glorify Robert E. Lee’s role as general in chief. Early with other ex confederates created a collection of writings that portrayed a heroic image of Lee. [2] Early started glorying the Confederacy before the war was even over. He did this because he was unsure of the fate of the Confederacy  and wanted it to be persevered. [3] One of the reason’s why Early glorified Lee so much is because of his respect for Lee. Lee really appreciated Early and worked very well with him. [4] Early felt like the best way to explain the lost cause was through writings. One of his most famous collaborations is The Southern Historical Society Papers. This was a paper written by former soldiers and generals telling stories about old battles. [5] These papers were a way for  former confederates to relive there memories, and remember why they were fighting in the first place. The lost cause myth is a positive out look on loosing the war.

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Jubal A. Early 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Gallagher, Jubal A. Early, 200.
  2. Gallagher, Jubal A. Early, 200.
  3. Gallagher, Jubal A. Early, 201.
  4. Gallagher, Jubal A. Early, 203.
  5. Gallagher, Jubal A. Early, 206.

How Did The Conservative Basis of Reconstruction Fundamentally Limit Its Achievements?

Reconstruction was a period of time in which the United States was rebuilding itself after the Civil War. Republicans played a huge role in reconstruction, because of the fact that they made up the majority party in both the house and senate. In the United States republicans understood that the government needed to extend its powers during the war.[1]  Although, the president kept expanding his power doing the war. Which congress did not approve of. [2] However, during reconstruction the government continued to expand its powers. Republicans thought that the governments powers would diminish after the war. [3] For example, congress was over stepping its powers when it came to states rights. Republicans believed that after the war states should be able to govern themselves. But congress agreed to let states run themselves, if they did it the way congress approved they could. [4]  One of the platforms for conservatives is citizens and state rights. Conservatives did not feel that congress was doing what it could to protect citizens and state rights. [5] Reconstruction was a hard period of time in histroy, due to the politics of it. No one party could agree on what the right way to go about reconstruction was.

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Congressional meeting during reconstruction 

 

  1. Les Benedict, Preserving the Constitution, 68.
  2. Les Benedict, Preserving the Constitution, 69
  3. Les Benedict, Preserving the Constitution, 70
  4. Les Benedict, Preserving the Constitution, 71
  5. Les Benedict, Preserving the Constitution, 74.

How Did Lincoln Succeed As Commander In Chief and How Did Davis Fail?

Lincoln succeeded as commander in chief because, he was able to focus on what needed to be done to take down the Confederacy. Due to the fact that Lincoln had a very limited military background; he was always reading up on military tactics. Lincolns new found military knowledge became evident in a letter to Joseph Hooker, when Hooker wanted to follow Lee. Lincoln realized that it was not a smart move, and told Hooker not to shadow Lee. [1] Another way Lincoln successful, was by using African Americans to his advantage. Lincoln knew using them would be a way to build up his army. [2] Lincoln also went against what congress said sometimes. For example, when congress wanted to negotiate peace Lincoln knew it would fail.[3]   Lincoln had a clear plan for winning the war, which made him a successful president.

Davis on the other hand, was not as successful has Lincoln at being commander in chief. For example, Davis did not really seem like he wanted to be president. This was apparent in a letter to General J.E. Johnston; rather than praising him for his work Davis seemed to tell him how he should fight.[4]  Davis seemed like he would rather be fighting in the war. Another reason why Davis did not succeed was because he did not have enough manpower and material. For example, in a letter to Lee, Davis was very frazzled about finding him manpower.  [5] Davis was very unorganized with both congress and his troops. At one point he even would consider having blacks fight for him, going against his word. [6] Both Davis and Lincoln would have there strengths and weakness but Lincoln was able to get more support from the people. Which would in turn make him a very successful president.

 

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Lincoln v. Davis 
  1. Gienapp, The Fiery Trial, 157.
  2. Gienapp, The Fiery Trial, 169.
  3. Gienapp, The Fiery Trial, 201.
  4. Cooper, The Essential Writings, 310.
  5. Cooper, The Essential Writings, 314.
  6. Cooper, The Essential Writings, 362.